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PTE写作SWT题型讲解:The Khoisan

罗琴 2024-07-10 13:39:34

今天这篇文章是关于PTE写作SWT题型例题的讲解:The Khoisan,文章的解题技巧为通读全文找出中心句,再将这些句子连成5-75字的一句话,这道题目就完成了。各位备考PTE的同学们,如果还有不会这个方法的,就赶紧学起来哦!

原文:

The area that is now South Africa has been inhabited by humans for millennia. The San, the original inhabitants of this land, were migratory people who lived in small groups of about 15 to 20 people. They survived by fishing and hunting and by gathering roots and other wild foods. They did not build permanent dwellings but used rock shelters as temporary dwellings. Around 2,000 years ago Khoikhoi pastoralists migrated to the coast. In the eastern part of present-day South Africa, iron-working societies date from about 300 AD. The Sotho-Tswana and Nguni peoples arrived in this region around 1,200 AD. They lived by agriculture and stock farming, mined gold, copper and tin and hunted for ivory and built stone-walled towns. Over the centuries, these societies had diverse contacts with the Khoisan. Strife between the San and the Khoikhoi developed over competition for game; eventually the Khoikhoi became dominant. These peoples lived in the western part of present-day South Africa and are known collectively as the Khoisan.

翻译:

现在的南非地区已经有人类居住了几千年。

The area that is now South Africa has been inhabited by humans for millennia.

这片土地上的原始居民桑人是迁徙的民族,他们以大约15至20人的小群体生活。

The San, the original inhabitants of this land, were migratory people who lived in small groups of about 15 to 20 people.

他们靠捕鱼、狩猎、采集树根和其他野生食物生存。

They survived by fishing and hunting and by gathering roots and other wild foods.

他们不建造永久的住所,而是用岩石作为临时住所。

They did not build permanent dwellings but used rock shelters as temporary dwellings.

大约2000年前,科伊科伊人牧民迁移到沿海地区。

Around 2,000 years ago Khoikhoi pastoralists migrated to the coast.

在今天的南非东部,铁工社会可以追溯到公元300年左右。

In the eastern part of present-day South Africa, iron-working societies date from about 300 AD.

索托-茨瓦纳和恩古尼人在公元1200年左右来到这一地区。

The Sotho-Tswana and Nguni peoples arrived in this region around 1,200 AD.

他们以农业和畜牧业为生,开采黄金、铜和锡,狩猎象牙,建造石墙城镇。

They lived by agriculture and stock farming, mined gold, copper and tin and hunted for ivory and built stone-walled towns.

几个世纪以来,这些社会与科伊桑人有各种各样的联系。

Over the centuries, these societies had diverse contacts with the Khoisan.

桑人与科伊科伊人之间的冲突是由于争夺猎物而发展起来的;

Strife between the San and the Khoikhoi developed over competition for game;

最终科伊人占据了统治地位。

eventually the Khoikhoi became dominant.

这些民族生活在今天南非的西部,被统称为科伊桑人。

These peoples lived in the western part of present-day South Africa and are known collectively as the Khoisan.

一、找出中心句

PTE写作SWT题型讲解

1、这篇文章讲的是南非一些种族的变迁。首先是san人,他们是这片土地最原始的居民。是15-20人的一个小群体,靠捕鱼、狩猎、采集树干和其他野生食物来生存。他们没有永久的居所,而是用原始的掩体来作为临时住所。上述都是在介绍这群人,其实都不重要。

2、接下来他说,大约2000年前的Khoikhoi的一群居民,迁移到了海岸,就是今天的南非的东部。公元1200年左右,又来了一个新的群体,这些人以农业和畜牧业为生,开采黄金、铜和锡,狩猎象牙。

3、介绍完他们的生活,接着又说几个世纪以来,这些社会和san可能有着不同的联系。san和Khoikhoi之间有一些冲突,比如争夺猎物这种。最终Khoikhoi这群人占据了统治地位,这群人今天生活在南非的西部,被称为Khoisan

二、连成一句话的答案

PTE写作SWT题型讲解

这篇文章讲了南非的种族变迁和发展,我们的中心句也就出来了(标红的部分)。最后我们将刚刚找到的中心句连成5-75字的一句话,这篇SWT就完成了。

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